Panorama of Guangdong Province's export of mechani

2022-07-31
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A survey report on accelerating the transformation of the growth mode of Guangdong's foreign trade in mechanical and electrical products (hereinafter referred to as the report) was recently submitted to the Guangdong provincial government by the Guangdong Provincial Department of foreign trade and economic cooperation in conjunction with the customs and financial departments. This report is based on nearly 300 mechanical and electrical products import and export enterprises in the Pearl River Delta region

a survey report on accelerating the transformation of the growth mode of Guangdong's foreign trade in mechanical and electrical products (hereinafter referred to as the "report") jointly issued by the Guangdong Provincial Department of foreign trade and economic cooperation and the customs and financial departments was recently submitted to the Guangdong provincial government

this report takes nearly 300 mechanical and electrical products import life imitation test export enterprises in the Pearl River Delta region as the research object. The report shows that in 2007, Guangdong's total import and export of mechanical and electrical products was 420.41 billion US dollars, accounting for 36.1% of the national export of mechanical and electrical products and 66.3% of the province's total foreign trade. The trade surplus of mechanical and electrical products reached 86.11 billion US dollars, accounting for 82.4% of the province's surplus

among them, the average growth rate of the export of high-tech products during the years was 25%, and the high-tech mechanical and electrical products accounted for 47% of the total export of mechanical and electrical products in 2007. Its main commodities are electrical and electronic products, with an export of 131.4 billion US dollars in 2007, accounting for 51.9% of the export of mechanical and electrical products in the same period; The import of high-tech mechanical and electrical products accounted for 69.1% of the total import of mechanical and electrical products

the report also points out that since the export of mechanical and electrical products in Guangdong Province exceeded the $100billion mark in 2004, the annual growth rate showed a downward trend to 2007 - an increase of 30% in 2004, 26.7% in 2005, 24.4% in 2006 and 23.8% in 2007

"Guangdong should urgently find ways to accelerate the import and export growth of high-tech mechanical and electrical products, which is of great significance to Guangdong's overall industrial upgrading, foreign trade stabilization and sustainable growth." An official involved in the research pointed out to

imports accounted for 63.7% of total imports and exports.

in 2007, 85.5% of high-tech electromechanical export products were realized in the form of processing trade

"77.3% of the export of Guangdong's high-tech products are produced by foreign or Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan enterprises in Guangdong. With the continuous improvement of the technical level of the polyurethane industry, the technology and equipment of the export products are mainly dependent on imports, and it is difficult for the enterprises themselves to obtain a long-term competitive advantage." The report says

in fact, not only high-tech mechanical and electrical products, but also other mechanical and electrical products, the share of processing trade occupies an absolute advantage. According to statistics, in 2007, the export of processing trade accounted for 77.4% of Guangdong's total export of mechanical and electrical products, and the import accounted for 63.7% of Guangdong's total import of mechanical and electrical products

at the same time, general trade exports and imports accounted for only 18.3% and 17.6% of Guangdong's total exports (imports) of mechanical and electrical products, respectively

"technology is in the hands of others, and our enterprises cannot take the initiative in export, while import is subject to many constraints, including the field of technology use and price." The above officials involved in the research pointed out that

this inability to take the initiative in export is manifested in that enterprises that rely on OEM production rely on orders to survive, and they do not have sales channels abroad; Some enterprises successfully enter the local market by selling their products through overseas agents. However, this kind of marketing network mainly relies on middlemen, and Chinese enterprises cannot affect their sales

lianghongsheng, general manager of Guangdong Haote Electric Appliance Co., Ltd., gave us a specific example: since this year, the cost of the factory has increased by about 20%, and the actual production loss is 10%. However, its OEM products account for 80% of its export value. In other words, if its foreign partners do not accept the 15% price increase that Guangdong hot will strive for in the next quarter, the export of Guangdong hot will basically stagnate

in terms of import obstruction, mechanical and electrical enterprises are unable to introduce the most advanced and core high-tech due to the technical blockade of the importing country, which leads to the fact that the technology introduced by the enterprises cannot be in line with the world's leading technology level, but only foreign relatively backward or low technology content, which makes the enterprises always digest and absorb at a low level, and it is difficult to break through this situation. In order to use the core technology of the product, enterprises have to spend a large amount of money to pay for the technology

for example, China Southern Airlines (600029 quotation, Aigu, information) group has spent 1million US dollars to import a multi axis CNC grinder, and foreign companies require equipment couplets to monitor and limit the use of equipment

therefore, many enterprises choose to import used mechanical and electrical products. According to statistics, in 2007, Guangdong Inspection and Quarantine Bureau accepted 10771 batches of applications for the operation of this machine only after the import of used mechanical and electrical products was filed, with a total value of USD 503million

Jinan new era Gold Testing Instrument Co., Ltd. has been an experimental machine manufacturer for many years. During the investigation, it is also found that many enterprises more measure the cost plus import expenses and the possible short-term benefits when importing foreign equipment

44% of enterprises rely on independent research and development

according to statistics, about 44% of enterprise technologies in Guangdong Province mainly rely on independent research and development, 17% of enterprises entrust development and cooperate with domestic universities or research institutes, 16% of enterprise technologies are provided by foreign parent companies, 11% of enterprise technologies rely on purchasing in the international market, 8% of enterprises choose to purchase technologies in the domestic market, and 4% of enterprises are still in the simple imitation stage

"the proportion of independent R & D in the surveyed enterprises is less than half, and even 39% of the enterprises have no independent intellectual property rights", the report points out

the report shows that although the R & D expenditure of large and medium-sized enterprises in Guangdong's manufacturing industry ranks first in the country, in terms of R & D investment, it generally accounts for only 1%-5% of the total sales revenue of enterprises. Even if Gree Electric Appliance (000651 market, love stock, information), whose domestic sales account for the first in the industry, its R & D investment is only between 3%-5%; The investment of small and medium-sized enterprises is lower

by the end of 2006, Guangdong enterprises had applied for 2180 domestic patents, while only 260 international patents. Among them, the number of new patents and design patents is about 4.5 times that of invention patents

according to the report, at present, the export of mechanical and electrical products in Guangdong Province is generally lack of independent brands, the OEM export is absolutely dominant, and the sales channels are controlled by others

at present, 41% of the export brands are made by overseas orderers, 18% are designated by domestic orderers, 11% are made by overseas parent companies, and only 30% are self owned brands

even for Gree Electric Appliance, which has the largest share of the domestic market, only 20% of its export sales are private brands, and the rest of its export products are OEM products

due to the intense homogeneous competition among export enterprises, many enterprises do not hesitate to adopt low-cost marketing strategies to promote exports in order to compete for overseas markets

for example, the report says that Guangdong exported about 25million DVDs in 2002, with an average price of $55 per DVD. In 2007, 120million sets were exported, which was 3.8 times that of 2002. However, the average price fell to US $39.6 per set, a drop of 28%

"the enterprise is more realistic. Of course, owning technology can improve the international competitiveness of the enterprise, but we can't solve the problem of more R & D funds." Linshaozhi, general manager of Zhuhai nanyuxing Electronics Co., Ltd., pointed out to me

according to another data obtained, nearly 70% of the scientific and technological development institutions in Guangdong are located in enterprises, more than 70% of the scientific and technological personnel enter the enterprises, more than 70% of the scientific and technological funds come from the enterprises, and more than 70% of the high-tech products are independently developed by the enterprises. The additional rate of high-tech products in Guangdong is only 5.87%

the report points out that the key to promoting the sustainable development of Guangdong's foreign trade in mechanical and electrical products is to enhance the international competitiveness of Guangdong's mechanical and electrical products

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