On the safety package of the hottest dangerous che

2022-09-21
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Safety packaging of hazardous chemicals (Part 1)

in international trade, the production and packaging of hazardous chemicals occupy an important position. This article briefly introduces the relevant international laws and regulations and management regulations on the safe packaging of International Chemicals Import and export implemented in China. Special emphasis was placed on the impact of international chemical safety packaging on the earth's ecological environment and the ecotoxicity of dangerous chemicals. Since joining the World Trade Organization w-i.0, China's total foreign trade import and export has exceeded US $6OO billion, ranking fifth in the world; China's gross domestic product (GDP) has exceeded 10 trillion yuan, growing at a high rate of 8% every year. In these major economic activities, China's chemical production and packaging industry has made a significant contribution to the import and export of graphene transistors with ultra-high speed and low energy consumption, including the investment of US $22million by the Defense Advanced Research Agency (DARPA)

in order to integrate with international trade, the Chinese government promptly cleaned up and revised more than 2300 regulatory documents, of which the new regulations on the safety management of hazardous chemicals were implemented on March 15, 2002, and the content also involves the provisions on the supervision of the import and export packaging of chemicals in international trade

the importance of safe packaging of chemicals in international trade

we know that chemicals are indispensable to human production and life. They are necessary to maintain industrial development, improve crop production, prevent and control various diseases, and they are also an important part of improving the quality of human life. However, in the process of production, packaging, storage, transportation, sales, use and disposal of discarded chemicals, improper disposal, leakage, misuse and abuse often cause harm to people's health and serious environmental pollution. In particular, the safe packaging, supervision and control of toxic chemicals has become one of the important environmental issues of general concern in the world

In 1989, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) IEP adopted the London guidelines on the exchange of information on international trade in chemicals, requiring countries to strengthen the legislative management and information exchange of toxic chemicals. In 1992, The 21st century agenda adopted at the United Nations Conference on environment and development clearly puts forward the specific task of international efforts to achieve the harmless management of international chemicals. In 1995, after the formal establishment of the World Trade Organization and the WTO, the safe packaging management of international chemicals has also been paid more attention to and strengthened.

the international chemical safety, packaging and labeling project is the international programmeonchemical safety (IPCS) A basic task of. The project was first completed by the international programme for chemical safety (IPCS) and the European Commission (CEC) in the early 1990s. The international programme for chemical safety (IPCS) is a cooperative organization of three international organizations, namely, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the World Health Organization (who). One of the main tasks and objectives of IPCs is to assess the hazards of chemicals to human health and the ecological environment, and publish the results of the assessment

the international chemical safety packaging label is a cooperative organization of the United Nations International Programme for chemical safety (IPCS) and the Commission of the European Communities (CEC). It briefly introduces the physical and chemical properties, toxic hazards, first aid, fire protection measures, packaging, storage, leakage disposal and environmental data of more than 2000 chemicals in the world. The data is authoritative, scientific and reliable, which reduces the cross-sectional area. It is of great value to China's chemical safety production, packaging, environmental management, health care and labor protection

in order to cooperate with the United Nations action on the safety control of international chemicals and implement the relevant resolutions of the United Nations, the relevant national departments of our country have formulated regulations on the management of toxic chemicals (such as order No. 344 of the State Council of the people's Republic of China), and the environmentally sound management of international chemicals has been included in China's agenda for the 21st century. With the expansion of China's opening-up after China's entry into WTO and the rapid growth of international trade, China's chemical production safety, import and export packaging, safety and environmental management need to be in line with the international management system. Therefore, the implementation of international chemical safety labels will undoubtedly play a very important role in the supervision and management of China's toxic chemical production safety packaging

main contents of chemical safety packaging

international trade chemical safety packaging marks generally include chemical number, chemical name, chemical formula, molecular weight, hazard, contact type, acute hazard, symptom, prevention, first aid, fire control, spill disposal, storage, packaging and marking, important data, physical properties, environmental data and many other items. The following is a brief introduction:

L, international chemical number

the common numbers of international chemicals are as follows:

(1) ICSC number: ICSC number refers to the sequence number of the international chemical safety card o (2) UN number: this number is the number formulated by the United Nations Committee of experts on the transport of dangerous goods for dangerous substances, which we must find out the most meaningful use scenario. This number is listed in the UN recommendations on the transport of dangerous goods

(3) EC number: This is the number of the substance in the European inventory of existing commercial chemical substances (EINECS) of the European Economic Community (EU).

(4) CAS registration number: this number is the Chemical Abstract service of the United States English abbreviation of. The registration number consists of three parts, which are connected by a short line. It is an important tool for judging and retrieving the information of chemical substances with multiple names

(5) rtec number: rtec number is the register of toxic effects of chemical substances prescribed by the American Institute of occupational safety and health. This number can be used to find the toxicological data of a chemical substance.

(to be continued)

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