The hottest catch up strategy and industrial devel

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Catch up strategy and industrial development over the past 30 years of reform and opening up, China has created an economic miracle and has been attracting worldwide attention. Just like socialism with Chinese characteristics, China's socialist market economy is also a very characteristic market economy. This feature is manifested in two aspects: first, China's economy is a catch-up economy or a government led economy; Second, China's market economy is transformed from a planned economy, which has many unique features

Before liberation, China's science, technology and manufacturing technology were more than 100 years behind those of foreign countries. After the founding of new China, when the material base was poor, China chose an industry first path. With the launching of 156 major projects, China, an ancient agricultural country, has sounded the horn of advancing towards the industrial age

as we all know, there are only two ways for backward countries to catch up with developed countries: catch-up strategy and comparative advantage strategy

the catch-up strategy means that everything starts from scratch and requires the state to provide a whole process of basic industries including scientific research, exploration, mining, smelting, manufacturing, quality inspection, installation and production. This kind of basic industry needs a large number of skilled workers and scientific researchers, which is bound to require the construction of a large number of schools and scientific research institutes, and a large amount of funds. In the planned economy era, China relied on high accumulation to complete the project. After the reform and opening up, it relied on external funds to solve the capital bottleneck. Today, China's economy is still a very typical catch-up economy, which is characterized by sustained high growth

the theory of comparative advantage holds that countries should carry out specialized production and participate in international trade according to their comparative advantages, and both sides of trade will gain trade benefits in international trade. However, in these seemingly fair transactions, countries have different interests. If we produce according to the principle of comparative advantage, the richer the rich, and the poorer the poor. The reason is that the essence of the theory of comparative advantage is the vertical division of labor, and the part with large added value is the comparative advantage of the first developing countries. Some people say that Southeast Asia and Latin America are typical cases in which China attaches great importance to the additive manufacturing industry and relies on the theory of comparative advantage or dependent economy. It is also said by analogy that the comparative advantage seems to be a giant, but it is actually a giant with clay feet. As soon as the foreign capital gives up, it falls to the ground

at the same time, following the theory of comparative advantage, 16 preconditions must be met at the same time. The core of the theory is the market where complete competition accompanies the growth of the small household appliance market, and the price is the only form of competition. But until today, there has never been a completely competitive market in the world that can help them achieve the expected product performance requirements. Therefore, it is wishful thinking and unrealistic to give full play to China's comparative advantage of extremely low labor and resources to become the world's largest OEM factory

China's current market economy was born out of the planned economy. In the period of planned economy, the state can highly effectively concentrate human, material and financial resources for key construction, can concentrate limited funds to develop key industries, can ensure the production and supply of necessities for the national economy and the people's livelihood, and can avoid disorderly production to the greatest extent. For the newly established new China at that time, only the construction industry, especially the heavy industry, could provide technical equipment for national defense and ensure national security. Therefore, planned economy is the only choice and the best choice for China before the reform and opening up

in practice, it is difficult for the planned economy to exist in such an ideal state, so after the reform and opening up, China has introduced the market economy system

market economy is a product accompanied by industrialization. It can stimulate the enthusiasm and creativity of individuals and enterprises to the greatest extent and create higher efficiency. However, the market economy ignores the long-term interests and the overall interests of the society, and there are disorderly competition, waste of resources and labor. The reason why China should take a clear-cut stand to establish a socialist market economy with Chinese characteristics is to give full play to the advantages of the two economic systems

it can be seen that China's economic take-off is inseparable from two important conditions: first, a large number of educated and professionally trained people; Second, a complete range of basic industries and a complete industrial chain. At present, China already has these two important conditions. Therefore, we should thank China for its planned economy system, which laid the foundation for China's industry

the planned economy has solved the problem of whether there is one. The market economy has to solve the problem of whether the efficiency is high or not. The development of the advanced resin system of Japan and South Korea using their epikote resin trac series and epikure curing agent trac 6000 series has a similar process. They are both catching up economies or government led economies. As the general social resources in the late developing countries are scarce, there is a problem of priority or centralized use of social resources. To a large extent, it is the government that guides the development of enterprises, rather than the market that guides the development of enterprises. At this time, the government often plays a leading role. Although the way is unfair, the results achieved are undeniable

no matter what economic system is adopted, China's established goal of catching up with and surpassing developed countries has not changed. The idea is also very clear and comes down in one continuous line: catching up with and surpassing developed countries in terms of output scale and quality

from this point of view, in fact, iron and steel smelting and market for technology have the same goal in some places. Subjectively, they are all aimed at catching up with and surpassing developed countries in terms of total quantity as soon as possible, but objectively, they ignore quality and technology. The author believes that no matter how many mistakes there were in the household automotive industry and civil aircraft manufacturing industry in the past, we can not deny the good original intention of the decision makers at that time

after 30 years of reform and opening up, China has now produced more than 170 products, ranking first in the world, a socialist market economy has been preliminarily established, and a modern enterprise system has taken shape. There is no gap between China and the industrialized countries in terms of industrial production scale and product output. What exists is the gap in industrial economic structure, production technology level and industrial organization mode, although this gap is the most difficult to catch up with

it can be said that the industrial development in the first 30 years of reform and opening up has solved the problem of whether enterprises can survive, and the next step of reform is to solve the problem of whether enterprises can upgrade. At present, some Chinese enterprises do not have much competitiveness in the world, just because they have caught the good opportunity or rely on preferential policies

the global industrial integration and value chain reconstruction have not only brought a lot of opportunities to Chinese enterprises, but also brought severe challenges. If we say that the industrial system reform in 1998 liberalized the hands and feet of enterprises, increased their enthusiasm, liberated the productive forces, solved the problem of "fast" and realized a leap in the number of enterprises; So, today's industrial management system reform with the Ministry of industry and information technology as the main body is to improve the competitiveness of the industry at a higher level, provide a strong backing for enterprises, create a better business environment for enterprises, and solve "good" problems. Because only by achieving sound and rapid development can Chinese enterprises and made in China truly travel around the world

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